Looking after your vision matters. It’s not just about what your eyes can see, but what we can see in your eyes. Getting your prescription right is important, but regular examinations can also pick up signs of potentially serious conditions.

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Each part of the comprehensive eye examination that we provide is included to give us essential information regarding your vision and health.

We see the value in using advanced technology to detect and monitor eye health and to calculate your prescription. We also offer generous appointment durations with highly trained optometrists so that no question you have will go unanswered.

To provide this care our eye examination comes in two parts. There are some core tests as well as those tailored to each patients needs. This means that all ages can benefit from an assessment. If you have any particular communication needs then please feel free to discuss this with the optometrist in advance of the appointment to ensure we make the eye examination a positive experience for everyone. All our tests are comfortable and most patients find them interesting and informative.

Pre-screening

Using advanced technology our optical technician will perform an assessment of your peripheral vision which checks for glaucoma and other conditions affecting the optic nerve. They will also take a series of digital images of your retina, optic nerve and other structures underneath the visible surface of the eye, producing images in even greater detail than an MRI scanner.

With your optometrist

The optometrist will take time to discuss the reason for your visit, your visual requirements and demands. They will then perform the required tests in addition to discussing and demonstrating the prescreening test results.

  • Refraction: Recording your vision and calculating the spectacle and contact lens prescriptions and checking for astigmatism, long and short sightedness.
  • Binocular vision tests: Assessing the comfort of your vision eyes and their ability to work together to keep the vision comfortable and balanced.
  • Tonometry and pachymetry: A check of the pressure of the eye and the thickness of your cornea which relates to glaucoma.
  • Slit lamp examination: A high powered biomicroscope used to assess the health of the front eye in up to 40 times magnification allowing us to view down to individual cells on the layers of the front of the eye.
  • Gonioscopy: To check the structures which are involved in the development of glaucoma.
  • Ophthalmoscopy: In addition to carefully examining and analysing all the images and scans captured during prescreening, we will examine the eye using a special microscope and focusing lenses to give a live 3D view of the all the internal structures of the eye checking for glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataract and a host of other conditions.

On completion, you will receive a copy of your personal glasses prescription, calculated precisely by our optometrist, and advice on what optical solutions are best for you. You should leave feeling reassured that you have had a thorough eye examination and with a clear understanding of your own eyes, both in terms of vision and eye health.

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Looking after your vision matters. It’s not just about what your eyes can see, but what we can see in your eyes. Getting your prescription right is important, but regular examinations can also pick up signs of potentially serious conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, heart problems and diabetes. Caught early enough, these conditions can be treated, but if left undetected they may cause serious problems later on.

We set up Vision+ to provide the best eye care and to bring you exclusive savings as a part of your membership. As a Vision+ client, there’s a wide range of benefits available to you and to your family.

What’s included:

Examinations
You’re covered for all consultations including annual check-ups, emergency and out of hours appointments. You can take advantage of detailed eye health examinations to check on the general health of your eyes. You can pick up prescriptions for your glasses at your regular visits, or in between. And of course, we’re available at other times for specialist advice – just call or email us.

Technology
It’s good to know we use the most advanced technology currently available worldwide. This provides us with the most detailed information about your eyes, which in turn means your optometrist can make accurate and timely diagnoses. These assessments will reveal any problems affecting your sight or your health generally and are especially valuable in the early detection of conditions such as glaucoma, age-related deterioration, cataracts, diabetes, high blood pressure or heart problems.

Contact lenses
We offer competitive pricing on contact lenses and we constantly check our prices against other sources including online to make sure you get the best value. As a Vision+ member you will receive an additional 20% off these already competitive prices. If you lose or damage your disposable lenses we’ll replace those for free. If you simply need a couple of extra disposable lenses for any reason, then we’ll also provide those for free. And if you want to try out new designs, materials or lens upgrades, you can do – that’s free too. On top of this we’ll replace any lost or damaged non-disposable lenses, like custom soft lenses or gas permeable, for just 50% of the cost.

Glasses
As a Vision+ member, you’ll receive 25% discount whenever you buy new glasses or sunglasses, free accidental damage cover where we replace like for like lost or damaged glasses, for just 50% of the cost.* Better still, we offer a fee-free, interest-free payment scheme for all glasses purchases. Once you’ve collected your new glasses, you can return to us any time for free maintenance or adjustments, or for discounted repairs.

Family cover
When you are a Vision+ member if any of your children in full-time education require additional scans at their eye examinations, we’ll waive the usual charges for these. And if you decide to sign them up as members in their own right, so they can take advantage of all the member benefits, including the great lens and glasses discounts, we’ll discount their fees by 10%.

We use the most advanced technology currently available worldwide. This provides us with the most detailed information about your eyes, which in turn means your optometrist can make accurate and timely diagnoses. These assessments will reveal any problems affecting your sight or your health generally and are especially valuable in the early detection of conditions such as glaucoma, age-related deterioration, cataracts, diabetes, high blood pressureor heart problems.

Some of our technology includes:

Daytona scanner by Optos

Provides ultra-high resolution retinal imaging, capturing an Optomap in seconds.Five times more retina visible, capturing 80% of the retina in one image,including the outer edges of the eye. Rules out numerous issues including retinal diseases, diabetes and retinal detachment or tears.

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FDT Frequency Double Technology by Zeiss

Fast and effective test of visual field (peripheral vision), a key indicator to rule out glaucoma.

Humphrey Field Analyser by Zeiss

World’s gold standard in visual field equipment, used for detailed glaucoma investigation and monitoring, as used in hospitals.

OCT (Optical Coherence Tomographer) by Topcon

Produces a wide-angle high-resolution fundus image in a split second allowing us to rule out macular degeneration and glaucoma.

Corneal topographer by Medmont

Provides exceptional accuracy for the mapping of a patient’s cornea, essential for contact lens fitting. Also identifies conditions affecting the surface of the eye.

Slit Lamp by Topcon

Used in conjunction with a biomicroscope, it provides a microscopic exam of eyelids, sclera, conjunctiva, iris and cornea,using a high intensity light source.

We urge you to always make your optometrist your first port of call with any eye ailment. GPs do not have the technology available to provide an accurate diagnosis 100% of the time and do not have the specialist experience that we do.

Whatever the issue, be it a suspected eye infection, a scratch or just something you feel you would like checked out, please book in. Same day appointments are available, as are emergency out-of-hours appointments.

If you require any medication, such as eye drops for conjunctivitis or other minor infections, we are able to prescribe them for you, in the same way your GP would. It is also worth noting that we use eye drops to suit the individual. Traditionally, antibiotic eye drops have to be inserted up to eight times a day and kept in the fridge, however we can for example provide a drop that is used far less frequently for those who are not keen on having eye drops inserted. Read Blog Post.

All appointments are free under the Vision+ membership scheme.

Eye exam

A comprehensive eye exam Cameron Optometry costs £89, less any NHS contribution to which you are entitled (currently around £40). This charge covers our fully comprehensive eye exam including all necessary tests and scans with our highly qualified optometrists. Included in this test is the advanced digital 3D Optical Coherence Tomography, Optos Daytona wide-angle retinal scan and a variety of other tests to check for a range of eye diseases including macular degeneration, glaucoma and retinal detachment which is not subsidised by the NHS.

A contact lens examination is £119 less any NHS contribution to which you are entitled. This includes all scans & necessary tests along with a full expert assessment of your contact lenses.

Download our latest price list for procedures and tests.

Price list for soft contact lenses

Price list for gas permeable and specialist contact lenses

Vision+

To give you access to the most comprehensive eye care available in the most cost effective way, we recommend becoming a Vision+ member. Membership includes all eye examinations including specialist screening and out of hours appointments, and gives you a range of discounts including 25% off any glasses as well as a host of other benefits.

Visit Vision+ for further details on all the benefits that comes with being a Vision+ member.

Demodex blepharitis and eyelid care

What is blepharitis?

Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelid margins, the edges of the eyelid, which causes a range of uncomfortable symptoms including, dryness, itching, red skin, red eyes, tired eyes, and blurred vision. Blepharitis is commonly caused by an infection of the eyelash follicles and is estimated to affect 50% of people, to varying extents.Other causes can be underlying skin conditions such as rosacea or dermatitis.

Demodex blepharitis is a very common sub-type of blepharitis caused by an infestation of the demodex mite.The demodex mites are extremely common and thought to be present in about 20% of people under 20-years-old rising to nearly 100% in people over 70. While they generally cause no problems, but in susceptible people they can cause symptoms of blepharitis.

What can I do to treat it?

For more severe casesthis chronic condition can be difficult to fully control through treatment at home. Our in-practice eyelid cleaning service offers the ultimate deep hygiene clean for eyelids returning them to their best possible condition which in turn makes home treatments more effective for longer.

What is the service?

Think of it like a dental hygienist visit but for the eyelids. Our specialist optometrists use state of the art tools and techniques to remove all crusts, debris and dead skin before unblocking any clogged glands and thoroughly cleansing the lashes and follicles.

What does the service cost?

A one off treatment costs £99 and takes about 45 minutes. Alternatively you can join our Vision+ programme to pay for the ongoing treatment of blepharitis. This includes all your other eye care and regular examinations as well as receiving generous discounts on glasses and contact lenses from £15 per month.

Punctum plugs for dry eyes

Anyone who suffers from dry eyes will know just how uncomfortable the condition can be. Symptoms such as burning, gritty, red eyes are common and vision can be reduced in severe cases.

The primary reason for dry eyes is either poor quality tears, or too few tears being produced.The use of lubricating drops and ointments play an important role in soothing dry eyes. However these do not cure the cause of dry eyes and even frequent use may not resolve the discomfort fully.

How can punctal plugs help?

When there is a lack of tears, a longer-term solution could be punctual plugs.Punctal plugs are inserted into the drainage channel (puncta) on the eyelid, preventing the escape of tears from the surface of the eye. At Cameron Optometry we use absorbable, extended duration punctal plugs. These plugs are composed of materials that gradually dissolve in the drainage channels of the eye, and last up to three months. Some causes of dry eyes are not permanent and one benefit of absorbable punctal plugs is that they need only be replaced as required.

If the temporary plugs are effective, you may, in consultation with the optometrist, wish to try a permanent punctal plug which stays in place indefinitely but can be removed if required. We recommend this type of plug for people who have successfully worn the dissolvable type first.The insertion procedure is quick and comfortable and is performed in the practice. Once the plugs are fitted you are unable to feel them in your eye.

What do punctal plugs cost?

Punctal plugs are one of the many treatments covered by Vision+ membership from £25 per month.For non-Vision+ members, prices start at £119 which includes the optometrists consultation and insertion of three-month absorbable plugs.

Please contact us at the practice if you wish to discuss your suitability for the procedure.

Lacrimal syringing for excessive tears

The lacrimal gland, within the eyelid, produces tears. Tears are vital for day-to-day lubrication of the eye and to wash away potentially harmful substances or allergens.When natural tear production is disrupted it can cause excessively watery eyes (epiphora).

If watering becomes excessive, particularly if the eye is red, uncomfortable or producing discharge then it would be advisable to make an appointment with one of our optometrists.

How are lacrimal duct blockages treated?

A common cause is poor quality tears due to dysfunction of the glands of the eyelid. When other possibilities have been exhausted it is important to investigate whether there are any blockages in the lacrimal ducts. Lacrimal syringing can be used to probe the lacrimal duct. Sterile saline is gently pushed through the syringe, where it may in some cases dislodge debris out through the nose thus removing the blockage causing the watery eyes. If a more permanent blockage is found then further referral to an eye hospital may be required for a surgical procedure to remove the blockage.

For patient comfort, a drop of local anesthetic will be applied to the lacrimal duct opening (puncta), prior to the syringing process. Probing and irrigation does carry a small risk of injury to the lacrimal passage, which could aggravate any initial symptoms. It is however a very safe, and effective procedure. The procedure is both an investigation (to see whether the drainage channels are operating normally) and a treatment (to try to remove any blockage). We have found around two out of three people with symptoms find an improvement after syringing.

What does lacrimal syringing cost?

Lacrimal syringing is one of the many treatments covered by Vision+ membership.

For non-Vision+ members, the price for the optometrist consultation and the syringing procedure is £99.

Colour vision deficiency

Colour vision deficiency(sometimes known as colour blindness) is an inability to distinguish colours fully.It is commonly an inherited condition and carried through the mother’s genes (whose vision may appear normal) to sons in the main.

Non-inherited colour deficiencycan be a symptom of diabetes, multiple sclerosis and cardiovascular diseases (including high blood pressure), some liver diseases and many eye diseases.  These underlying conditions can affect the cones or the nerve pathways from them to the brain. In these cases, colour vision may be temporarily or permanently altered, often in one eye at a time. Difficulty in colour discrimination may be noticed along with other visual problems.Since colour vision changes can be an early sign of disease or a side effect of prescribed medication, if you are aware that your appreciation of colours is changing, it is important to discuss it with your optometrist.

Managing colour deficiency

Although nothing can replace a faulty mechanism in the retina of the eye, many colour defective people do learn ways of compensating for their difficulty over time. Many people find help, albeit limited, identifying certain colours that they would otherwise misname, with the aid of a small red or red-mauve filter of transparent plastics or glass held in front of the eye. This is best tried at home with a selection of transparent coloured materials, but it is not usual to prescribe tinted spectacles for this purpose, since only one eye must use the filter. A red tinted contact lens (branded the ‘Chromagen’ lens) can be worn in one eye to help colour recognition, but the results cannot be guaranteed.

Further information

If you would like more information on this special type of contact lens or if you think you or your child may be colour deficient, please make an appointment to see one of our optometrists.

Diabetes and vision

Cameron Optometry is accredited as specialist in the Edinburgh and Lothians for detecting and monitoring diabetes.

Diabetes and the retina

Diabetes patients are at risk of developing complications with their sight and eye heath.The eye has a lens and an aperture (opening) at the front, which adjusts to bring objects into focus on the retina at the back of the eye.At the centre of the retina is the macula, which is a small area about the size of a pinhead. This is the most specialised part of the retina and it is vital because it enables you to see fine detail and read small print. Diabetes can affect the eye in a number of ways.

Blurred vision

Your vision may become blurred for a few days or weeks while your diabetes is first being controlled. This is due to the swelling of the lens of the eye and will soon clear without treatment soon after the diabetes is controlled.

Cataracts

Young people with diabetes very occasionally develop a special type of cataract.Older people with diabetes can be especially prone to developing cataracts. Cataracts can be successfully removed by surgery.

Diabetic retinopathy

The most serious diabetic eye condition involves the retina and is called diabetic retinopathy. It is very common in people who have had diabetes for a long time. There are two types of diabetic retinopathy which can damage your sight, maculopathy, when the blood vessels in the retina start to leak and proliferative diabetic retinopathy,when the blood vessels in the retina to become blocked. Without treatment, total loss of vision can occur in proliferative retinopathy.

Prevention

Although your vision may be good, changes can be taking place to your retina that need treatment and because most sight loss in diabetes is preventable:

  • Early diagnosis is vital
  • Have an eye examination every year and as soon as you notice any change in your vision
  • Do not wait until your vision has deteriorated to have an eye examination
  • Ensure you go to an optometrist or optician with specialist experience in treating patients with diabetes.

Glaucoma

Our team of optometrists has a strong track record in diagnosing and treating glaucoma patients. Glaucoma is damage to optic nerve at the point where it leaves the eye.

Symptoms:

  • Most cases of Glaucoma present with no visual symptoms which is why regular routine eye tests are so important in the detection of this disease.
  • For rarer cases of acute glaucoma, the affected eye may become red, or you may see misty rainbow coloured rings around white lights or just a sudden deterioration in sight. There may also be nausea and vomiting.
  • Glaucoma can cause headaches and tenderness around the eye

Most at risk

  • Age – Chronic glaucoma becomes much more common with increasing age. It is uncommon below the age of 40 but affects five per cent of those over 65.
  • Race – If you are of African origin you are more at risk of chronic glaucoma: it may occur earlier in life and be more severe. Acute Glaucoma occurs more commonly in people of Asian origin.
  • Family – If you have a close relative who has chronic glaucoma then you should have regular eye exams, particularly if you are over 40.
  • Short sight – People with high levels of short-sightedness are more prone to chronic glaucoma.
  • Diabetes is believed to increase the risk of developing this condition.

Detection

  • There are three tests to diagnose glaucoma all of which are done as part of a routine eye examination.
  • Viewing your optic nerve either with digital retinal photographs or using a special lens and microscope designed to give a 3D view of the back of the eye.
  • Measuring the pressure in the eye using a special instrument.
  • Visual field test – where you are shown a sequence of spots of light or shimmering lines on a screen and asked to say which ones you can see.

To discuss treatment please get in touch. Rest assured we have a highly experienced team of experts in glaucoma and state-of-the-art equipment to ensure you receive the best possible care.

Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Put simply, as we get older, delicate cells around the macular become damaged and eventually stop working.The macula is found at the centre of the retina where the incoming rays of light are focused. It provides our central vision and the vision needed for detailed activities such as reading and writing, our ability to appreciate colour.

Symptoms

Because macular degeneration is an age-related process it usually involves both eyes, although they may not be affected at the same time. In the early stages your central vision may be blurred or distorted, with things looking an unusual size or shape and straight lines starting to wobble. This may happen very quickly (Wet AMD) or develop slowly over manymonths (Dry AMD) . You may be very sensitive to light or actually see lights that are not there. The macula enables you to see fine detail and people with the advanced condition will often notice a blank patch or dark spot in the centre of their sight. This makes activities like reading, writing and recognising small objects or faces very difficult.

Prevention

Macular degeneration is the most common cause of poor sight in people over 60 but never leads to complete sight loss because it is only the central vision that is affected. Vision at the outer edges of the eye is never effected. This means that almost everyone with macular degeneration will have enough side vision to get around and maintainsome independence.

The leading risk factors for developing macular degeneration are age, smoking, and a family history of the disease. Other risks include having a light coloured (blue) iris, exposure to UV light, race, BMI and obesity, alcohol, cardio-vascular disease, statins and some hypertensive medication.

While some of these risks cannot be prevented there is now good evidence that in some eyes that show the early signs of macular degeneration, nutritional supplements and changes in diet may slow the progression of the disease. Our optometrists can offer you the right advice on when these nutritional changes can help.

If you are concerned about macular degeneration, or you have the condition in one eye and are worried that it may be developing in the other eye then you should visit one of our optometrists. They have experience in dealing with macular disease and are equipped with state of the art OCT scanners that in seconds, can look for early signs of the disease and monitor changes in the condition. If a hospital appointment is required they can arrange that for you, as well as providing advice on the best spectacles, magnifiers and lighting for your specific condition.